These pictures were taken on November 10, 2002 at roughly 14:00 local time from an altitude of about
35,000 ft, flying west.   The plane was a couple of hundred miles north of Cap Farvel, Greenandís southern tip.

The first 3 pictures show the Greenland icecap (actually a continental glacier) nearly covering the mountains.  Farther west, nearer the coast, valley glaciers flow off the icecap. Some can be seen merging to form still larger glaciers.  Finally, at the coast, the glaciers reach a point in the fjiords where the water is deep and the ice tends to float and break off, forming icebergs.

Here are a couple of maps.
Outline Map
Ice thickness

 ©2002 R.F. Ward       Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
Permission to use these photographs for scientific or academic purposes can be obtained from
the author.  Full-sized files of the photos are also available.  Send email to: